When you are aware of when and how to belay, you have aced at the entire concept of rock climbing. A major chunk of accidents take place in this sport because of misunderstanding between the climber and belayer. Remember that when you belay in multi pitch, it needs a different skill set. Here are the techniques you need to understand to keep you and your partner safe.
- Saying In Direct out loud
Once you have reached the top, you need to bring your partner up too. Here, the communication saves everything. You need to pull your partner up when belaying. In order words, your partner will first take you off. If you are close enough to them, shout ‘in direct’ out loud. If the distance is far, then you need to decide some signal to let your partner know you have reached safely on top. You may also want to rehearse this before you do the climb. For this, you can enroll yourself to a rock climbing practice center at https://blocshop.com/. If your partner errs on the signals, and if you belay too early, you both can fall. You can have your rope tugging or pulling up the rope in your system, you need to ensure the system works for both of you.
- Pulling your partner up
Here you need to pull your partner up with the rope he is tied into. If you find it difficult to coil the rope up, then find an area when you can coil the rope at comfortably. Ensure that coiling must be neat and tight to keep the hassles at bay. You may also want to ensure to make the coils increasingly smaller as you coil up. This helps in maintaining a tangle free rope. The gist is to pull until you are out of rope.
- Belaying from above
For this you need proper equipment for belaying like the Petzl GriGri and the ATC Guide. Not everybody is comfortable with belaying from above. When belaying your partner, you must belay off the anchor next to you. When using ATC, you can directly anchor the system to remove the pressure from the belayer’s body and it also auto blocks the rope in case of any accidents. For this, you may need to configure your guide on the anchor itself. You can also redirect the belay where you need to lock the partner’s rope into a carabiner which is locked into the anchor. No matter what method you choose, let the partner know you are done.